References - Hand Hygiene
References are listed alphabetically.
"Germs can survive on unwashed hands for over an hour"
Grayson, M. L., Melvani, S., Druce, J., Barr, I. G., Ballard, S. A., Johnson, P. D., Mastorakos, T., & Birch, C., (2009), Efficacy of soap and water and alcohol-based hand-rub preparations against live H1N1 influenza virus on the hands of human volunteers. Clin Infect Dis. 1; 48(3):285-91.
Hand Hygiene Australia
Percentage of moments where hand hygiene was performed correctly
Audit data taken from the hospital’s submission to the Hand Hygiene Australia website. Recent audit data (2012) if included on graph, has not yet been submitted.
Overall national healthscope corporate data only includes data submitted to Hand Hygiene Australia.
The dial showing the hospital's performance indicates whether it has performed below, above or similar to the benchmark of 70%. For an explanation of confidence intervals, refer to the MyHospitals website. Healthscope calculates figures in the same way.
World Health Organisation
Some hospitals have observed fewer than 100 handwashing moments. Statistically, this is considered too low a number to draw conclusions about the handwashing trends across the entire hospital. We have included these results, but the hospital has been asked to audit more than 100 moments in the next auditing period.